Gentamicin-loaded bioresorbable films for prevention of bacterial infections associated with orthopedic implants.
J Biomed Mater Res A. 2007 Mar 5
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv 69978, Israel.
Adhesion of bacteria to biomaterials and the ability of many microorganisms to form biofilms on foreign bodies are well-established as major contributors to the pathogenesis of implant-associated infections. Treatment of bone infection remains problematic, due to the difficulty of systemically administered antibiotics to locally penetrate bone. The current research addresses this issue by focusing on the development and study of novel gentamicin-loaded bioresorbable films designed to serve as "coatings" for fracture fixation devices and prevent implant-associated infections.
Poly(L-lactic acid) and poly (D,L-lactic-co-glycolic acid) films containing gentamicin were developed through solution processing. The effects of polymer type, drug content, and processing conditions on the drug release profile were studied with respect to film morphology. The examined films generally exhibited a burst effect followed by a moderate approximately constant rate of release. The drug contents in the surrounding medium exceeded the required minimal effective concentration.
Various gentamicin concentrations that were released from the films with time exhibited efficacy against bacterial species known to be involved in orthopedic infections. The developed systems can be applied on the surface of any metallic or polymeric fracture fixation device, and may therefore comprise a significant contribution to the field of orthopedic implants.
bioresorbable films • poly(lactic acid) • poly(D,L-lactic-co-glycolic acid) • gentamicin • controlled drug delivery
2007 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res 2007.